Arugula is also known as salad rocket, rucoli, salad vegetable, rugula, arugula, roquette, rocket leaves, colewort or rucola, garden rocket, salad leaf and it belongs to the Brassicaceae family. Eruca sativa (L.) Mill. is one of the most important oilseed crop known for its therapeutic benefits since time immemorial (Sharma et al., 2012). Arugula is originally from the Mediterranean region, Lebanon, Turkey, Morocco, Portugal and Syria before spreading to other parts of the world. It is an annual edible green leafy vegetable that grows between 20 to 100 centimeters.
The fresh leaves and sprouts of arugula are distinguished by their flavourful peppery taste. The leaves are pinnately lobed with a large terminal lobe and 4 to 10 lateral lobes. Read more about arugula here